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Ayurveda, the traditional health science of India is unique in its principles, approach and practices to live a healthy life. The physiological and pathological documents are based on the principles of Tridosha.
Ayurveda is the system of medicine that evolved in India and has survived as a distinct entity from remote antiquity to present day. The legendary version of origin of ayurvedic system is that Brahma reminded it to Prajapati, who handed it down to Atreya Punarvasu etc. It is considered as the Upaveda of Atharvaveda, which contains a description of diseases and cure of them.
The treatment in Ayurveda consists of two main types, Shamana Chikitsa and Shodana Chikitsa. Shamana Chikitsa is a pacifying treatment and is done using herbal or herbo mineral preparations. Shodana Chikitsa is a cleansing type of therapy. Since it contains the five types of therapies it is known as Panchakarma. Panchakarmas are therapeutic procedures for preservation of health, prevention of diseases and to manage chronic diseases. It promotes health in diseased as well as healthy. Ayurveda advises to undergo Panchakarma at the seasonal changes in order to clean the body and improve the digestion and metabolism.
Ayurveda contains 8 branches. They are as follows:
|Kaya Chikitsa (General Medicine)|
|Salya Tantra (Surgical Techniques)|
|Salakya Tantra (ENT and Ophthalmology)|
|Agada Tantra (Toxicology)|
|Rasayana Tantra (Rejuvenation)|
|Vajeekarana Tantra (Aphrodisiac)|
It should be remembered that ayurveda is not merely for the cure of diseases. It is also a way for healthful living, prevention of diseases, personal and social hygiene.