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Panchakarma is a Sanskrit word that means Five Actions or Five treatments. It is an integral part of Ayurvedic treatment. The description of Panchakarma procedure is found to be polpular in classical ayurvedic textbooks like Caraka Samhitha, Susrutha Samhitha, Ashtanga Sangraham, etc. Classical Panchakarma includes Vamana, Virechana, Anuvasana Vasthi, Niruha Vasthi and Nasya, which requires more attention and care from the physician.
It is basically a bio-cleansing regimen and plays an important role in preventing the disease as well as curing the existing disease, thus helps to maintain good health. Ayurveda advises to undergo Panchakarma at the seasonal changes in order to clean the body and improve the digestion and metabolism. The treatment in Ayurveda consists of two main types, Shaman Chikitsa and Shodan Chikitsa. Shaman Chikitsa is a pacifying treatment and is done using herbal or herbo mineral preparations. Shodan Chikitsa is a clensing type of therapy. Since it contains the five types of therapies it is known as Panchakarma.
Panchakarma includes three parts:
|Preparatory Procedures (Poorva Karma)|
|Preparatory procedures includes the administration of the following:
|Main Procedures (Pradhan Karma)|
|Main procedures are:
|Post Operative Procedures (Paschat Karma)|
|Post Operative Procedures includes special diet and life regimen after each procedure. Patient should take rest for an equal period of time for which he had undergone treatments.|
|Eliminates the cause of illness|
|Boosts the metabolic function|
|Removes toxic substances|
|Improves vitality and increases longevity|
|Strengthens sense and motor organs|